Trend of Employed Youth in various industries in Pakistan

Image Source: ILO

Image Source: ILO

Youth is the energetic segment of the society which has ability to contribute to the economic growth at best. Data from the Labor Force Survey showed that the youth population aged between 15 to 29 years has been considerably increased, and hence the youth labor force. The statistics of the employed youth in various industries is as follows:

Although agriculture is considered to be the back bone of economy but mere 37.85% youth were employed in the agriculture industry during 2001-2002,  18.54% youth aged between 15-29 years are employed in manufacturing industry where as 43.61% youth are employed in services sector during the same year.

On the other hand statistics showed that during the year 2012-13, more of the youth have been involved in agriculture sector than before. 40.65% youth have been employed in agriculture industry. Manufacturing industry employees 17.95% youth whereas services employees 41.40% youth.

The percentage change of employed youth during 2001-02 and 2012-13 in the various industries showed that the employed youth have been increased in agriculture industry by 2.8%, in manufacturing it has been decreased by 0.59% where as the percentage change in services sector is decreased by 2.21%.

It shows that the services sector in Pakistan is not much contributing to provide employment opportunities for the youth. For that reason it is essential to flourish services sector. Technical and vocational trainings and skills development programs must be enhanced so that more of the youth can be employed keeping in view the worsening situation of the youth labor market. Additionally if the youth is getting more engaged in the agriculture sector, then modern technology as well as essential resources including credit, and training must be provided to the youth.


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