Historically Kashmir was ruled by Muslims from 14th to 18th century, until 1819 whenRanjit Singh, the Sikh ruler of Punjab conquered it. Subsequently he acknowledged Gulab Singh, who entered his services as Raja of Jammu. Gulab Singh expanded his rule all over Kashmir except for the valley which he purchased from Britishers for a sum of 7.5 million rupees in 1846.
At the time of partition there were in total 560 princely states, which were to decide whether to join India or Pakistan. All of them decide except for Kashmir, Junagadh and Hyderabad. Both Junagadh and Hyderabad decide their accession after some time, but the accession of the Kashmir to any of dominions remained undecided.
Kashmir being one of the Muslim majority states, with 78% Muslims want to give its accession to Pakistan, however the ruler being a non Muslim want to be with India, however the matter remained undecided. In June 1947 Lord Mountbatten also went to Kashmir and advised maharajah to join India, who was followed by Ghandi, however it was suggested to hold a plebiscite in the state to decide its future.
Kashmir shares boundary of 902 miles with Pakistan, and only 317 miles with India. The three rivers from Kashmir directly flow into Pakistan. Moreover the two land roots which connect it with rest of the world enter into Kashmir through Rawalpindi and Sialkot. Keeping in view these prospects it is worthy for Kashmir to join Pakistan.
In accordance with these issues, two of the resolutions were passed on 13 August 1948 and 5 January 1949 but ultimately both failed to have satisfactory results.
The Kashmir issue was taken to UN in 1957, which later seems to do not take it seriously. Several of the presidents of the council visited to observe the issue, but finally they suggested it to be solved according to the will of Kashmir is. In short so far UN also failed to resolve the matter.
History reads, the tyrannical ruler of the Kashmir tried to strike out the massive population of Muslims from Kashmir with the help of the external forces. Since many of the personals were those who fought in the Second World War therefore they were able to face the tyrannical attitude of the ruler. The ruler was accused of the genocide of the Muslim population in the state. Many of the times Pakistani military entered to help their Muslim brothers, but the demilitarization of the forces also remained a long debated issue between the two dominions.
Up till now, hundred thousands of the lives have been lost, the valley is bleeding. No single day passes without violence, bomb blasts. This issue has fueled weapons and nuclear proliferation around the region. In addition to the wars of 1948, 1965 and 1971 between two countries Kashmir issue has been characterized as nuclear flash-point in the region.
Now the questions arises how long the valley will keep bleeding? How more mothers will lose their sons, brothers and husband? How long the people will morn lack of identity, and self determination? Will the UN take a stance to solve it? These are the few questions which need to be addressed.
In conclusion as soon as the issue gets solved the valley won’t be able to take a sigh of relief, it will keep bleeding between the uncertain circumstances. More over regional harmony, prosperity and the peace is not possible. Both the nations are required to think over the matter, and solve it as soon as possible. On this day, I wholeheartedly express my solidarity with the people of Kashmir. May it get identity and live long.