Will Pakistan be able to achieve its Target by 2015?

Education is one of the important things, which is essential for the development of the human capital.pakistan-school-girls-ogb-79792 MDG2 has aimed to endeavor the increase in the primary education and achieve universal primary education in the country by 2015. The right to education has also been one of the clauses of the article 25a of constitution of Pakistan. Moreover the 18th amendment has also provided the extensive devolution of functions to provincial governments including the subject of education.
Primary School Enrollment
Contrarily statistics show that Pakistan is not progressing according to the targets it has set in order to achieve its goal. Pakistan adopted MDG target of 100 percent for 2015, against its baseline of 46 percent in 1990/91. So far currently the net primary enrollment ratio is only 57%. While in 2001-2002 the net primary enrollment rate was 42%. However evidence from the last 12 years shows that Pakistan has not shown enough progress on achieving its goal. Primary school enrollment increased by 10 percent to 52 percent between 2001- 2002. In spite of the fact that number of primary schools grew more than 50000 in 2005, the enrollment rate has not been appreciable. Keeping this thing in mind, it is really hard to meet the MDG target on this indicator.
On the other hand the completion of 1 to 5 grades is now only 50%; however which was 57% during 2001-2002. The MDG target is 100 by 2015. One of the major objectives is to achieve a total literary of 88% in 2015; the target so far achieved is only 58%, which were 45 in 2001-02.
Disparity among Provinces
There has been significant disparity among provinces as well. Punjab has the highest literacy rates however Baluchistan has its lowest. The national average of literacy has been pulled up by Punjab. The progress of the individual provinces is below.
KPK in spite of the war against terror, performing well as compared to other provinces; it does not witness the decrease in literacy rate.
Due to the impact of floods and the displacement of indigenous population Sindh as shown decrease its enrollments since 2008/09 falling from 54% to 50% in 2011/2012.
AJ&K has show progress up to 2006, but later on from 2007 to 2011, its progress remained stagnant.
The net enrollment rates of the GB climbed up to 41% in 2011-2012. FATA’s NER at 31 percent in 2012 is the lowest in country.
Thus the above statistics show that progress in Pakistan is not significant in the educational sector, either the government needs to speed up its progress or they need to revise its target.

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A threat to the Minorities is a threat to the Ideology of Pakistan

Pakistan was established in the name of Islam, a state where freedom of choice and freedom of faith was to be practiced. Quaid-The Father of Nation made this country with his tiresome and strenuous efforts so that Muslims can spend a peaceful life, conversely what we witness today is a situation of hue and cry, life insecurity, rising unrest, killing in the name of religion, coupled with both social and economical backwardness.

The current threat to the Ismaili Muslims and the Kalash tribe (who are descendents from Alexander the Great) residing in Chitral Imagelocated in North Western Frontier Province in Pakistan is very alarming. It is upside down of the ideology of Pakistan. Moreover genocide is practiced openly in the country. After persistent rise of inhuman bloodshed in the tribal areas, atrocious killings of Shia in the Quetta, and the brutal killing of the Christians in Peshawar, now threats are being sent by TTP to the other Ismaili Muslims and the Kalash minority residing in Chitral.

In a 50 minutes long video released on Friday, 2 February, TTP threatens both the minorities openly, which reads, “By the grace of Allah, an increasing number of people from the Kalash tribe are embracing Islam and we want to make it clear to the Kalash tribe that they will be eliminated along with their protectors, the Western agents if they don’t embrace Islam,”  additionally “The Aga Khan Foundation is running 16 schools and 16 colleges and hostels where young men and women are given free education and brainwashed to keep them away from Islam,” the narrator says.

The incessant rise of TTP in Pakistan is a very big challenge, due to which unfortunately our motherland is known as “The Land of Terrorists”. The practices of TTP are against the basic principles of Islam, the teachings of Holy Prophet, and the ideology of the country. Islam is a religion of peace, brotherhood, and love. The threat to both the Ismaili Muslims and the Kalash Tribe of the valley is not only a threat to the minorities rather; it is a threat to ideology of Pakistan.

Failure of governance, weak public policy and malfunctioning of institutions is solely responsible for current crisis in the country.  For more than a decade we are witnessing escalation of Taliban militants, who started with a number of hundreds, reached thousands and still incessantly increasing in the country. What the government is waiting for? Additionally what pragmatic steps by the authorities we have witnessed so far in order to curb the rising challenge? Alternatively our leaders are offering them peace dialogue. Authorities have still enough time to take some serious steps to check this major issue prevailing in the country. Moreover the current step taken by Tassaduq Hussain is highly appreciated hope it will ensure security to both the minorities of the Chitral Valley. 

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The valley is Bleeding-In solidarity with the people of Kashmir

Historically Kashmir was ruled by Muslims from 14th to 18th century, until 1819 when

Kashmir is bleeding

Kashmir is bleeding

Ranjit Singh, the Sikh ruler of Punjab conquered it. Subsequently he acknowledged Gulab Singh, who entered his services as Raja of Jammu. Gulab Singh expanded his rule all over Kashmir except for the valley which he purchased from Britishers for a sum of 7.5 million rupees in 1846.

At the time of partition there were in total 560 princely states, which were to decide whether to join India or Pakistan. All of them decide except for Kashmir, Junagadh and Hyderabad. Both Junagadh and Hyderabad decide their accession after some time, but the accession of the Kashmir to any of dominions remained undecided.
Kashmir being one of the Muslim majority states, with 78% Muslims want to give its accession to Pakistan, however the ruler being a non Muslim want to be with India, however the matter remained undecided. In June 1947 Lord Mountbatten also went to Kashmir and advised maharajah to join India, who was followed by Ghandi, however it was suggested to hold a plebiscite in the state to decide its future.

Kashmir shares boundary of 902 miles with Pakistan, and only 317 miles with India. The three rivers from Kashmir directly flow into Pakistan. Moreover the two land roots which connect it with rest of the world enter into Kashmir through Rawalpindi and Sialkot. Keeping in view these prospects it is worthy for Kashmir to join Pakistan.

In accordance with these issues, two of the resolutions were passed on 13 August 1948 and 5 January 1949 but ultimately both failed to have satisfactory results.
The Kashmir issue was taken to UN in 1957, which later seems to do not take it seriously. Several of the presidents of the council visited to observe the issue, but finally they suggested it to be solved according to the will of Kashmir is. In short so far UN also failed to resolve the matter.

History reads, the tyrannical ruler of the Kashmir tried to strike out the massive population of Muslims from Kashmir with the help of the external forces. Since many of the personals were those who fought in the Second World War therefore they were able to face the tyrannical attitude of the ruler. The ruler was accused of the genocide of the Muslim population in the state. Many of the times Pakistani military entered to help their Muslim brothers, but the demilitarization of the forces also remained a long debated issue between the two dominions.

Up till now, hundred thousands of the lives have been lost, the valley is bleeding. No single day passes without violence, bomb blasts. This issue has fueled weapons and nuclear proliferation around the region. In addition to the wars of 1948, 1965 and 1971 between two countries Kashmir issue has been characterized as nuclear flash-point in the region.

Now the questions arises how long the valley will keep bleeding? How more mothers will lose their sons, brothers and husband? How long the people will morn lack of identity, and self determination? Will the UN take a stance to solve it? These are the few questions which need to be addressed.

In conclusion as soon as the issue gets solved the valley won’t be able to take a sigh of relief, it will keep bleeding between the uncertain circumstances. More over regional harmony, prosperity and the peace is not possible. Both the nations are required to think over the matter, and solve it as soon as possible. On this day, I wholeheartedly express my solidarity with the people of Kashmir. May it get identity and live long.

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Urban Poverty rises persistently in Pakistan

A little boy carrying bag of waste in the urban areas of Pakistan.

A little boy carrying waste of bag in the urban areas of Pakistan.

Pakistan has been reported to be a place which is dangerous for human life; it faces range of challenges from lack of the good governance to the inequality of the wealth. Poverty rises as consequences of these challenges, which Pakistan is facing severely as a whole, however according to annual report recently issued by the State Bank of Pakistan, population in the urban areas is poorer than that of rural areas.
This is as a result of the poor economic growth, in addition to the high influx of the population to the urban areas. The distribution of the resources in urban areas is highly skewed than those of the rural areas, in urban areas 60% of the sources are availed by 20% of the population, in contrast this is not the case in rural area. It is worth mentioning here that the traditional perception of the urban and rural divide on the basis of economic prosperity is no more application in recent times.
Since 2008, country is facing an economic growth at a pace as low as 3%, ever since economy has remained sluggish. Average economic growth remained at 3%, contrarily in order to absorb the high influx of youth it must be high enough. On the other hand the wide range of the unemployment has forced the urban population into poverty, additionally savings ratio of economy as a whole is vanished. As reported by the State bank of Pakistan, for the FY-13 the national savings declined to 13.8pc, for sure which is a very bad indicator.
These facts and the statistics are enough to have a true picture of our economy; government is required to take immediate measure which could at least initiate the economic revival. It must take serious measures in order to pursue high economic growth, to reduce poverty and in order to improve human development. For this reasons it needs to consult experts, rather than relying on self-proclaimed economic rainmakers, who have been replicating the past policies. This is how we can End Poverty in Pakistan.

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Some National Statistics of Pakistan at the end of first half of FY14

Inflation fell to single digit; it declined from 10.9 in November to 9.2 in December.Finance-Chart-Statistics-Backgrounds-1000x750
Rupee appreciated 2.9 % in December after falling 8.9% against dollar in previous 5 months of same fiscal year.
Domestic debt growth declined to 3.5 %in July to august from 5.7 percent in the same period last year.
Fiscal deficit has also declined to 2.2 percent in Q1FY14 from 2.9 % in Q1FY13.
In the first half of the FY14 federal government borrowed a total of 716 PKR billion, and retired 47.6 PKR billion to the commercial banks. In the second quarter government is expected to retire central bank credit through its borrowing from commercial banks.

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Get one and change your life-“Veronica Decides to Die” by Paulo Coelho

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A must read novel by the author of all time bestseller.

The Brazilian author Paulo Coelho was born in 1947, who dreamt to be an author during his early ages when he was at school. However his family wanted him to be an engineer since it was the profession adopt by his father, however he made his dream came true by his dedication and the passion towards writing. He is amongst the best novelist of his times, and his novel Al-Chemist has been best selling book of all time. The Manuscript found in Accra is one of other widely read books among range of his publications.

“Veronica decides to die” is one of the best novels by the author. This novel is about a girl Veronika who has every thing in her life, she wished for. She is pretty and young with a number of boy friends. Her family loves her a lot and she a steady job as well and there is nothing which could make her sad or feel like she has any constraint in her life. But still she is not happy with her life. For that reason she took overdose of the sleeping pills, when she opened her eyes after a long time, she found herself in a local hospital. Although she was alive but she was told by the physicians that her heart has been damaged severely, this message gave her ultimate happiness since she decided to die, however later on she decided to think about her life. 

The story goes on and she starts questioning her ideas about life. She realizes that every second of existence in our lives is to make a choice between living and dying. In shortly she tries to find out what the actual meaning of living is, and the way she explores her life is inspirational. Well this novel also gives an insight about how do people have to deal with mental illness.

Well the doctor who treated Veronica during her illness in hospital is a central character of the novel; he is an ambitious, dedicated and inspirational physician with his eyes on alternative methods and techniques. The author being a wonderful storyteller with his ability to inspire people and is responsible for changing lives of several people, has uniquely wrote this novel which realizes us that every moment in our lives is special and precious. This book has changed many of the lives and has changed the perception of many people the way they think about their lives.

Reading an interesting book is worth than a hundred things, this is correct in case of the Paulo Coelho’s books and novels. The “Veronica decided to die” is such a kind of book in which the story is being told with a specific flow and an inspirational way. It has changed many of the lives, this is one of the best books in my list, and I highly recommend reading it. It is an excellent and a must read novel for all ages. So be quick get one and change your life. 

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Live a life rather than spend a life-Manuscript found in Accra by Paulo Coelho

ImagePaulo Coelho is a Brazilian novelist, lyricist and musician. He is also known as Paul Rabbit. He has become one of the most reputed novelists of his ages; Al-Chemist is one of his novels which remained among best selling books of the time, which has been translated into 67 languages across the globe. A total of 150 million copies of his best novel have been sold across the world. Paulo wanted to be a writer since his early ages when he was at school but his mother want him to be an engineer because his father had the same profession, but he choose to chase his dreams and made his place among the best writers of his times.

The book “Manuscript found in Accra” is one of the best publications of author. It is written with ultimate clarity, wisdom, coherence, and a beautiful voice. One of the best things about this book is creating the character “Sage” by the author; it is just like as he has done masterfully in his novel Al-Chemist. The usage of the landscapes of the Middle East, the Biblical, Easter and North Africa in his novel has given a special taste to novel, which completely drenches the readers concentration. The reader feels like as if he physically goes the mythic blends of these awesome places.

The book has the same essence like that of the Al-Chemist. I have become one of the great fans of the author after I read his book, the Al-Chemist and could not wait for reading another publication of the author. No doubt Mauscript found in Accra is another brilliant issue of the author because although it is simple but really meaningful and deep. It exposes some interesting questions ever. The writer with his majesty has made it simple but profound at the same time with the deep questions. Important thing about the novel is that it gives values to the important norms love, faith and change.

The book explicitly tells the readers how to find your true friends among the people, because many times in our lives it’s really hard to find a true friend and yeah expectations from our friends do hurt a lot. This book is has a great lesson finding your true friends. The book touches every one with its simple but profound words, and the important thing about this book is its philosophical touch which attracts its readers the most.

This book is less like a novel but more like a philosophic and spiritual teaching and lectures. It teaches how to live a life. This is more like a question answer book where a person Copt at the city of Jerusalem shares his philosophical views and wisdom about love, anxiety, loyalty, nature, and sex with the people before Crusades. Moreover this book has a similar flavor to Khalil Gibran’s book.  Many of the saying in this book are very much interesting, however a few are less interesting.

Personally I am a big fan of this book by Paulo Coelho because it taught me how to live a life instead of how to spend a life. 

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